Over the last year and a half, several states have adopted sweeping telecommunications reform. Today, more statewide reform appears imminent. Spurred by the evolution of technology and the effect of grassroots activism for regulatory reform, national telecommunications reforms are already on the horizon. And with good reason. Since the passage of the 1996 Telecommunications Act, outdated rules and red tape have shackled the deployment of broadband Internet and cable television. As European and Asian countries surpass the U.S. in broadband deployment, legislators and scholars agree that to achieve a competitive technological market, the government must streamline its rules and get out of the way whenever possible. Unfortunately, some in the House are taking a more regulatory approach that will cost consumers and delay deployment. In this backgrounder, we will discuss and debunk some of the unfortunate proposals that are gaining ground in the debate over telecommunications reform.