In 1998, the congressional Republicans’ midterm election strategy backfired. Tired of fighting President Clinton on issues, Republicans instead tried to make the midterm election a referendum on impeachment. Republicans lost seats – almost losing control of the House of Representatives – and Newt Gingrich resigned. Conventional wisdom held that impeachment was over. What happened next is a part of history, but also very instructive for President Bush and the new congressional majority. Less than two months after the disaster of the 1998 midterm elections, the House of Representatives voted to impeach Bill Clinton. Through a series of self-inflicted wounds Bill Clinton managed to squander the political momentum of the elections, unite his opposition and face a humiliating political and legal defeat. The lesson is that the political momentum from midterm elections, if not handled carefully, can be very short-lived.