Federal Judicial Service: Judge, U.S. District Court, Northern District of New York Nominated by Bill Clinton on April 26, 1994, to a seat vacated by Howard G. Munson. Confirmed by the Senate on August 9, 1994, and received commission on August 10, 1994. Service terminated on June 9, 1998, due to appointment to another judicial position. Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit Nominated on November 6, 1997, to a seat vacated by Frank X. Altimari. Confirmed by the Senate on June 2, 1998, and received commission on June 3, 1998.
Education: Brooklyn College, B.A., 1959; University of Connecticut, M.A., 1961; University of Michigan Law School, J.D., 1965; Harvard University, Program for Senior Managers in Government, 1978; State University of New York at Albany, Certificate in Regulatory Economics, 1985
Professional Career: Private practice, Syracuse, New York, 1966-1972; Assistant corporation counsel and director of consumer affairs unit, Syracuse, New York, 1972-1973; District representative, Syracuse [New York] Common Council, 1974-1975; Chair and executive director, New York State Consumer Protection Board, 1975-1980; Commissioner, New York State Public Service Commission, 1981-1986; Staff director, Committee on Corporations, Authorities & Commissions, New York State Assembly, 1987; Visiting professor of law, Syracuse University, 1987-1988; Vice-president of legal affairs, Atlantic States Legal Foundation, 1989-1990; Justice, Supreme Court of the State of New York, Fifth Judicial District, 1990-1994