Federal Judicial Service: Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. Nominated by Jimmy Carter on November 13, 1980, to a new seat authorized by 92 Stat. 1629. Confirmed by the Senate on December 9, 1980, and received commission on December 10, 1980. Served as chief judge, 1990-1994. Service terminated on August 2, 1994, due to appointment to another judicial position. Associate Justice, Supreme Court of the United States. Nominated on May 17, 1994, to a seat vacated by Harry A. Blackmun. Confirmed by the Senate on July 29, 1994, and received commission on August 3, 1994. Allotment as Circuit Justice: Tenth Circuit, September 30, 1994-August 16, 2009; Federal Circuit, September 7, 2005-October 10, 2005; First Circuit, June 30, 2009-present; Seventh Circuit, June 29, 2010-September 27, 2010.
Education: Stanford University, A.B., 1959; University of Oxford, B.A., 1961; Harvard Law School, LL.B., 1964
Professional Career: U.S. Army, 1957; Law clerk, Hon. Arthur Goldberg, Supreme Court of the United States, 1964-1965; Special assistant to the assistant attorney general, Antitrust Division, U.S. Department of Justice, 1965-1967; Faculty, Harvard Law School, 1967-1994; professor, 1967-1980; lecturer, 1981-1994; Professor, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 1977-1980; Assistant special prosecutor, Watergate Special Prosecution Force, 1973; Special counsel, Administrative Practices Subcommittee, U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 1974-1975; Chief counsel, U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 1979-1980; Commissioner, U.S. Sentencing Commission, 1985-1989