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US v. Baez and US v. Oladosu: In two cases, police placed GPS tracking devices on vehicles of the defendants. Evidence from GPS tracking led to felony convictions. The defendants both appealed their convictions because police had failed to obtain warrants to place the tracking devices, violating their 4th Amendment rights.
In January 2012, the US Supreme Court ruled in US v. Jones that warrant-less tracking of a vehicle does constitute a 4th Amendment violation. However the First Circuit Court denied the appeals of both Baez and Oladosu because GPS tracking of both defendants occurred before the US v. Jones decision, so police were acting in a way they perceived to be legal at the time.Read the full Baez decision here